This text is concerning the use and data of techniques and processes for producing items and providers. The content of design science, the counterpoint to the theories and explanations that type the content material of descriptive science, would then be formed by technical norms, statements of the shape ‘If one needs to attain X, one ought to do Y’. The notion of a technical norm derives from Georg Henrik von Wright’s Norm and action (1963).
If know-how consists of not solely tools, implements, and artifacts, but in addition complete networks of social relations that construction, limit, and allow social life, then we will say that a circle exists between humanity and know-how, every shaping and affecting the opposite.
In response to this dialogue, Ian Jarvie (1966) proposed as essential questions for a philosophy of know-how an inquiry into the epistemological standing of technological statements and the way in which technological statements are to be demarcated from scientific statements.
The type of philosophy of technology constituted by the writings of these and others has been called by Carl Mitcham (1994) ‘humanities philosophy of expertise’, as a result of it takes its level of departure within the social sciences and the humanities somewhat than in the observe of know-how.
This has led to the phenomenon of a technological repair, the solution of a problem by a technical resolution, that’s, the delivery of an artifact or artifactual process, where it is questionable, to say the least, whether this solves the problem or whether it was one of the simplest ways of dealing with the issue.