This article is in regards to the use and data of methods and processes for producing items and services. One early theme is the thesis that know-how learns from or imitates nature (Plato, Legal guidelines X 899a ff.). Based on Democritus, for instance, house-building and weaving had been first invented by imitating swallows and spiders building their nests and nets, respectively (fr D154; maybe the oldest extant source for the exemplary position of nature is Heraclitus fr D112).
They range from highly automated companies processes which have cut costs, to the massive information revolution the place organizations are turning the vast trove of knowledge generated by ICT into insights that drive new services and products, to ICT-enabled transactions akin to internet shopping and telemedicine and social media that give prospects more choices in how they shop, communicate and interact.
Till just lately, it was believed that the event of technology was restricted only to human beings, however twenty first century scientific studies indicate that other primates and certain dolphin communities have developed simple instruments and passed their data to different generations.
This twofold presentation takes into consideration the development of expertise as the end result of a course of originating inside and guided by the follow of engineering, by standards on which only limited societal control is exercised, as well as the implications for society of the implementation of the expertise so created, which end result from processes upon which only restricted management can be exercised.
A extra notorious anti-technological treatise is Industrial Society and Its Future , written by the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski and printed in several main newspapers (and later books) as part of an effort to end his bombing marketing campaign of the techno-industrial infrastructure.